A new report from The Action Network reveals which NFL cities are most affected by various weather conditions during the regular season.

Meteorologist Kevin Roth explains how different weather conditions can impact NFL games.

Photo: The Action Network

The weather during the NFL season can play a big role in the outcomes of games. With the regular season spanning from September to January, NFL teams (and players) are subject to an array of weather conditions. As a bettor, understanding how various weather conditions impact a game could increase your chances of placing a winning wager. So, how might the weather affect gameplay, and which teams faced the worst conditions over the course of last season?

Action Network dove into the data to see how different NFL teams could have been impacted by the weather, highlighting the top stadiums where conditions were most prevalent over the regular season (stadiums with fixed or retractable roofs were not included in the data).

Furthermore, the team also spoke to meteorologist Kevin Roth to explain how varying weather conditions impact the game from a player performance perspective.

How are NFL teams affected by different conditions?


Wind tends to be the most impactful weather condition, according to Roth, as it can severely hamper both the passing and kicking games.

Typically, low-scoring affairs are the result of windy conditions.

Below is a table showing the top five windiest NFL locations based on monthly averages during the 2021 regular season:

RankLocationStadiumWind Speeds
1Chicago, ILSoldier Field12.9 mph
2Green Bay, WILambeau Field12.4 mph
3Cleveland, OHFirstEnergy Stadium12.1 mph
4Miami Gardens, FLHard Rock Stadium11.7 mph
5Kansas City, MOArrowhead Stadium11.2 mph


Light rain has a pretty negligible effect on NFL games.

It’s heavy rain that bettors have to be wary of as there is a natural uptick in turnovers and unpredictability. Strong rain is a recipe for sloppy play.

Below is a table showing the top five rainiest NFL locations based on monthly averages during the 2021 regular season:

1Seattle, WALumen Field5.26 Inches
2Nashville, TNNissan Stadium3.54 Inches
3East Rutherford, NJMetLife Stadium3.18 Inches
4Foxborough, MAGillette Stadium3.16 Inches
5Philadelphia, PALincoln Financial Field3.08 Inches


A snowy field can be most detrimental to defenders, usually, says Roth. Pass rushers and defensive backs typically have a harder time making plays, which gives quarterbacks more time to make plays.

Light to moderate numbers can actually boost passing numbers.

Below is a table showing the top five snowiest NFL locations based on monthly averages during the 2021 regular season:

1Orchard Park, NYHighmark Stadium602.7mm
2Cleveland, OHFirstEnergy Stadium178.5mm
3Foxborough, MAGillette Stadium134.6mm
4Green Bay, WILambeau Field129.9mm
5Denver, COEmpower Field at Mile High90.4mm


Heat is an issue that is generally only a factor at the beginning part of the season. Teams playing in warmer weather climates, especially Florida, have to contend with soaring temperatures the most.

Fatigue is a big factor in hot weather, and this is typically seen in sluggish defensive play near the end of games.

Below is a table showing the top five hottest NFL locations based on monthly averages during the 2021 regular season:

1Miami Gardens, FLHard Rock Stadium74.4°F
2Tampa, FLRaymond James Stadium69.2°F
3Jacksonville, FLTIAA Bank Field64.6°F
4Santa Clara, CALevi’s Stadium57.6°F
5Charlotte, NCBank of America Stadium54°F


Nothing screams NFL Playoffs more than a cold January game. While the discomfort level may be high playing in frigid temperatures, Kevin explains that this condition doesn’t usually impact games dramatically.

There’s only a slight difference in performance numbers in colder weather compared to playing in warmer temperatures.

Below is a table showing the top five coldest NFL locations based on monthly averages during the 2021 regular season:

1Green Bay, WILambeau Field38°F
2Orchard Park, NYHighmark Stadium42°F
3Foxborough, MAGillette Stadium42.8°F
4Denver, COEmpower Field at Mile High44.6°F
5Chicago, ILSoldier Field44.8°F

Which NFL locations experienced the most intense weather?

Below is a table showing the top NFL locations for each weather condition, based on monthly averages:

HottestMiami Gardens, FLSeptemberHard Rock Stadium82°F
ColdestGreen Bay, WIJanuaryLambeau Field19°F
RainiestSeattle, WANovemberLumen Field7.5 Inches
SnowiestOrchard Park, NYJanuaryHighmark Stadium1544mm
WindiestChicago, ILJanuarySoldier Field14.2 mph


To determine which NFL franchises are most affected by the weather, we recorded temperature, snowfall, rainfall, and wind speed data for each US location where there’s an NFL stadium.

Data was collected for the period September 2021 – January 2022 (the duration of the NFL regular season). We then ranked the data; accordingly, they revealed the teams most impacted by the heat, cold, rain, snow, and wind.

Featured Image: The Action Network
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